A woman can get pregnant when an egg from her ovaries is fertilised by a man’s sperm and this fertilised egg implants inside her uterus. This is also known as conception.
Pregnancies can be planned and unplanned and conception can occur at any point in a woman’s menstrual cycle.
Up to 15% of couples have difficulty getting pregnant and this increases as a women gets older.
Certain medical conditions such as can affect a woman's’ fertility.
A woman is also at an increased risk of having a miscarriage or child with a disability once she is over 40 years old however it is important to discuss individual risk with a medical professional as every woman’s risk level is different.
Sometimes it is the male partner who is infertile (or subfertile). Tests can be take to check male hormone levels and sperm count.
In Australia, Medicare can cover the costs of some fertility tests, treatment and in some cases, assisted reproduction technologies such as IVF.