Pregnant women who are due for a Cervical Screening Test should still be screened.
It it safe to be screened in pregnancy, and HPV tests have not been linked to increased rates of miscarriage.
If you have been sexually assaulted, having a cervical screen can feel scary and you may not want to be tested. Finding an experienced cervical screen provider is possible and you have a right to access care that makes you feel safe and respected.
You may also be able to complete your own cervical screen so speak to your doctor or female health specialist for more information.
Women who identify as LGBTQI, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women and women with disabilities often experience increased barriers to accessing respectful, safe and informative care.
Accessing this care if your right and you deserve to be treated well at every appointment. More information can be found below about accessing services specific to your needs.
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in Australian women. One in nine women will develop breast cancer by the age of 85 years.
In Victoria, around 3,000 women are diagnosed with breast cancer each year. In 2006 more than 660 Victorian women died from breast cancer, making it the second most common cause of cancer-related death in women after lung cancer.
Incontinence is the uncontrolled leakage of urine (wee) or faeces (poo).
For some women this can happen when you sneeze, laugh or cough.
There a many causes of incontinence, but pregnancy and childbirth increase your chances of experiencing both.
This is because pregnancy increases certain hormones that relax muscles and childbirth can weaken and damage the pelvic floor making control of these normal bodily functions difficult.
As you get older incontinence can become more common also.
You should see your GP if you think you have incontinence
A physiotherapist to help strengthen your pelvic floor muscles but some women may need more complex support or even surgery depending how bad the problem is.
Sometimes it’s hard to ask for help and being incontinent can be embarrassing but you have nothing to be ashamed of and have a right to access care from health professionals who can treat you with respect.
In some cases, the external female genitalia is cut and in others it is completely removed and there are four types of FGC and their medical explanation is listed below:
Type I: removal of the clitoral hood – the skin around the clitoris – with partial or complete removal of the clitoris
Type II: removal of the labia minora (the inner lips that cover the vagina), with partial or complete removal of the clitoris and the labia majora (the large skin folds that cover the genital area)
Type III: removal of all or part of the labia minora and labia majora, with the stitching of a seal across the vagina (infibulation), leaving a small opening at the back for the passage of urine and menstrual blood and for sexual intercourse
Type IV: various other things done to the female genitals, including pricking, piercing, cutting or cauterisation of the clitoris, cutting of the vagina, and introduction of herbs or corrosive substances
Not every girl or woman who has undergone FGC knows what types she experienced and some aren’t even aware that they have been circumcised.
The type of cutting may potentially cause pain or difficulty during your monthly period, when giving birth or having sex.
In Australia, it is not legal to perform female circumcision or to send your child overseas to be circumcised.
If you are pregnant, you may have to have your circumcision reversed during childbirth to make room for the baby. This is known as de
In Australia, the medical staff will not re-circumcise you afterwards as this is also against the law.
If you decline this procedure you will need to have a caesarean-section.